- Margaret Bent,
- David Fallows,
- Giuliano Di Bacco
- and John Nádas
(b Liège, c1370; d Padua, between 10 June and July 12, 1412). Franco-Flemish composer, active principally in Italy. More music by him survives, with more stylistic variety, than by any other composer active around 1400.
Giuliano Di Bacco, revised by John Nádas
In two Paduan documents Ciconia identified himself as the son of a Johannes Ciconia of Liège, but although his Paduan career has been extensively researched, first by Suzanne Clercx and more recently by Anne Hallmark, his pre-Paduan years are less well documented. The existence of several clerics from Liège with the same name has given rise to various hypotheses explaining his whereabouts and early training. The composer's career was first conflated by Clercx with that of his father, owing to the identity of their names. The possible error was first pointed out by Fallows (1976), following an earlier suggestion by Heinrich Besseler: the Johannes Ciconia who was born in about ...