- M.K. Duggan
(b Passau, c1457; d Rome, Feb 17, 1501). German printer, active in Italy . He apparently worked with Ulrich Han in Rome; he came into possession of Han’s business in 1478, issuing the first of 325 books in 1479 from ‘the house of the former Udalricus’. Between 1482 and 1497 he used the earliest Roman plainchant type (that in Han’s 1476 Missale) for eight music books – five missals (1482, 1488, 1492, 1494, 1496), two pontificals (1485, 1497) and a baptismal (1494). In addition he introduced 12 text types, some as early as 1479; he retained only the music type of his predecessor, adding a few characters of his own. Planck’s ability as type designer and cutter, and his skill in setting the type for complicated melismatic chant, suggests he participated in creating the first music type in Italy.DugganIMI M.K. Duggan...