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date: 25 January 2020

India, subcontinent oflocked

  • Regula Qureshi,
  • Harold S. Powers,
  • Jonathan Katz,
  • Richard Widdess,
  • Gordon Geekie,
  • Alastair Dick,
  • Devdan Sen,
  • Nazir A. Jairazbhoy,
  • Peter Manuel,
  • Robert Simon,
  • Joseph J. Palackal,
  • Soniya K. Brar,
  • M. Whitney Kelting,
  • Edward O. Henry,
  • Maria Lord,
  • Alison Arnold,
  • Warren Pinckney,
  • Kapila Vatsyayan
  •  and Bonnie C. Wade


Cultural region of South Asia. The present Republic of India (Hind. Bharat) has an area (excluding the Pakistan- and China-occupied areas of Jammu and Kashmir) of 3,165,569 km² and an estimated population of one billion people. Before Independence and Partition in 1947, the name ‘India’ referred to the larger region that now includes the nation-states of India, Pakistan, Islamic Republic of and Bangladesh (see Bengali music), also known, along with the nation-states of Bhutan, Nepal, Kingdom of and Sri Lanka, Democratic Socialist Republic of, as South Asia or the Indian subcontinent. In addition to reflecting imperfectly the cultural diversity of South Asia, the modern political boundaries obscure the equally important continuities manifested throughout the region as much in music as in other areas of culture. This article addresses ‘India’ as both a cultural and political entity, and while it focusses on the state of India, much of its content is relevant to the region as a whole. The musical cultures of the other nation-states, and the regions of ...

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