Goldstein [Gold′shteyn], Mikhail [Mykhailo] Ėmmanuilovich
- Virko Baley
(b Odessa, Nov 8, 1917; d Hamburg, Aug 7, 1989). Ukrainian composer, musicologist and teacher. He began studying the violin with Stolyarsky, the teacher of Milstein and Oistrakh, and aged 13 entered the Moscow Conservatory where he studied the violin with Yampol′sky, conducting with Saradzhev and composition with Myaskovsky, graduating in 1936. Although a prolific composer, he is best known as the perpetrator of a hoax: he was the ‘discoverer’ of a Symphony no.21 in G minor, written ‘for the dedication of the Odessa Theatre, 1809’ by an actual historical figure, N.D. Ovsyaniko-Kulikovsky (1768–1846), a landowner who is known to have presented his serf orchestra at the Odessa Theatre in 1810. But Goldstein had actually written the work as a response to a critic who had claimed that Goldstein, having composed a piece on Ukrainian themes, could not ‘understand’ Ukrainian music because he was Jewish. So, as an elaborate and elegant riposte against racism, the work was faked (Dunayevsky supposedly provided a theme for the finale), deposited in the archives of the Odessa Conservatory and duly ‘discovered’ by Goldstein in ...