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date: 22 November 2019

Klein, Fritz Heinrichlocked

  • Arved Ashby


(b Budapest, Feb 2, 1892; d Linz, July 12, 1977). Austrian composer and theorist. Klein enrolled in Schoenberg's seminar at the Schwarzwald School for one year before joining Berg in 1918 as his (to quote Berg) ‘pupil, colleague, friend and advisor’. He prepared the piano-vocal score of Wozzeck and the piano reduction of Berg's Kammerkonzert as part of his tuition, and at this stage considered himself a writer on music as well as a composer. In 1932 Klein became an instructor of harmony, counterpoint and composition at the Bruckner-Konservatorium in Linz. His prodigious output began to decline in 1957, after he retired from this position.

Klein's only compositions of real interest, among his 200 essays in many instrumental and vocal genres, are several works from the 1920s that developed pre-compositional techniques remarkable for their time. Die Maschine: Eine extonale Selbstsatire op.1, the first and only composition he was able to publish, represents an early and particularly individual example of 12-note music. The title does not refer to the ...

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Österreichische Musikzeitschrift
Journal of the American Musicological Society