Lili‘uokalani, Queen of Hawaii [Kamaka‘eha, Lydia Lili‘u Loloku Walania; Kamaka‘eha Pākī, Lydia; Dominis, Mrs John O.; Dominis, Lydia K.; Dominis, Lili‘u K.]
[Kamaka‘eha, Lydia Lili‘u Loloku Walania; Kamaka‘eha Pākī, Lydia; Dominis, Mrs John O.; Dominis, Lydia K.; Dominis, Lili‘u K.]
(b Honolulu, Sept 2, 1838; d Honolulu, Nov 11, 1917). Hawaiian composer. She sang, played the piano, organ and various plucked string instruments, and was a choir director at Kawaiaha‘o Church. Lili‘uokalani reigned from 1891 to 1893, but was deposed by a group of Hawaiian residents with American ties during an economic depression.
She began her musical training at the Chiefs’ Children’s School (1842–8), becoming a skilled sight-reader. In her autobiography she commented that she was the first Hawaiian to become proficient in writing with Western musical notation. Her first published work, in 1867, was the hymnlike He mele lāhui Hawai‘i, used until 1876 as the Hawaiian national anthem. Her Nani nā pua Ko‘olau (‘The Flower of Ko‘olau’) was one of the first Hawaiian songs to have been published on the American mainland (1869). She continued publishing in the USA, where her songs became popular (in ...