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date: 20 October 2019

Price [Smith], Florence Bea(trice)locked

  • Rae Linda Brown


(b Little Rock, AR, April 9, 1887; d Chicago, June 3, 1953). American composer. She was the first black American woman to win widespread recognition as a symphonic composer, rising to prominence (with William Grant Still and William Dawson) in the 1930s. After early training with her mother she studied composition at the New England Conservatory in Boston with Wallace Goodrich and Frederick Converse (1903–6) and privately with George Whitefield Chadwick. She gained an Artist's Diploma (organ) and a piano teacher's diploma. She returned to the South to teach at the Cotton Plant-Arkadelphia Academy (1906–7) and Shorter College (1907–10) in Little Rock, then headed the music department of Clark College in Atlanta until 1912, when she returned to Little Rock to marry. In 1927, presumably to escape the increasing racial oppression in the South, the Price family moved to Chicago. There she began a period of compositional creativity and study at the American Conservatory and with Carl Busch, Wesley LaViolette and Arthur Olaf Anderson at the Chicago Musical College. In the 1920s she began to win awards for her compositions, and in ...

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The New Grove Dictionary of Women Composers