Show Summary Details

Page of

Printed from Grove Music Online. Grove is a registered trademark. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a single article for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy).

date: 17 October 2019

Tchaikovsky, Pyotr Il′yich locked

  • Roland John Wiley


(b Kamsko-Votkinsk, Vyatka province, 25 April/May 7, 1840; d St Petersburg, 25 Oct/Nov 6, 1893). Russian composer. He was the first composer of a new Russian type, fully professional, who firmly assimilated traditions of Western European symphonic mastery; in a deeply original, personal and national style he united the symphonic thought of Beethoven and Schumann with the work of Glinka, and transformed Liszt’s and Berlioz’s achievements in depictive-programmatic music into matters of Shakespearian elevation and psychological import (Boris Asaf′yev).

Pyotr Il′yich Tchaikovsky was the second son of Il′ya Petrovich Tchaikovsky, a mining engineer, and Aleksandra Andreyevna Tchaikovskaya, born Assier. He was part of a large family, of whom his sister Aleksandra, known as ‘Sasha’ (1842–91, Davïdova by marriage), and twin brothers Anatoly (1850–1915), a jurist, and Modest (1850–1916), a writer, were important in his life. Modest wrote The Life of Pyotr Il′yich Tchaikovsky...

You do not currently have access to this article


Please login to access the full content.


Please subscribe to access the full content.

Proceedings of the Royal Musical Association
Musical Quarterly
Die Musikforschung
Music Analysis
Revue belge de musicologie
Muzïkal 'nïy sovremennik
Music & Letters
Neue Zeitschrift für Musik
Musical Times
Revue de musicologie
Russkaya muzïkal 'naya gazeta
Muzïkal 'naya akademiya
Yezhegodnik imperatorskikh teatrov
Musik und Gesellschaft
Sovetskaya muzïka
19th Century Music
Music Review