Sousa, Berta Alves de
- Gabriela Cruz
(b Liège, April 8, 1906; d Oporto, Aug 1, 1997). Portuguese composer, teacher and critic. She studied at the Oporto Conservatory. Between 1927 and 1929 she worked in Paris with Wilhelm Backhaus, Theodor Szántó and Georges Migot. She was also a pupil of the pianist José Vianna da Motta in Lisbon and the conductor Clemens Krauss in Berlin. Later, she attended courses given by Alfred Cortot (piano) and Edgar Willems (music education). She received the 1941 Moreira de Sá prize in composition. In 1939 she became a critic for the Oporto newspaper Primeiro de Janeiro, and from 1946 she taught at the Oporto Conservatory. After an initial tonal period, Sousa’s music reflects a closer affinity with the impressionist movement, but also employs polytonal techniques. Some of her works are based on Correia de Oliveira’s system of ‘sound symmetry’ (expounded, in Portuguese and English, in his Simetria sonora, Oporto, ...