- Carolyn Livingston
(b Württemberg, Germany, 1835; d Cincinnati, OH, 1912). American music educator and administrator of German birth. She studied piano in Stuttgart before joining her two brothers in Cincinnati, Ohio in 1849, where she studied piano with Caroline Rivé and taught private piano and voice. After studying again in Europe in 1867, she returned to the United States and founded the Cincinnati Conservatory of Music in 1868. The faculty included Baur, Rivé, cellist Michael Brand, and pianist Henry Andres. Housed in Clara Nourse’s School for Young Ladies, enrollment was predominantly female. The Conservatory offered one of the first summer music programs in the United States. Studies included all the arts, literature, foreign languages, and health. Baur’s goals were to prepare students for professional music careers and instill values she believed would enable them to become positive influences on society. Local citizens who disagreed with the Conservatory’s curriculum established the College of Music of Cincinnati in ...