New York Philharmonic
- Barbara Haws
Symphony orchestra in New York City; founded in 1842, it is the oldest continually operating orchestra in the United States.
The “Philharmonic Society” was formed as a cooperative organization of musicians, led by the American-born violinist and conductor ureli corelli Hill . 60 musicians performed its first concert on 7 December 1842 in the Apollo Rooms on lower Broadway before an audience of 600. Three concerts took place that first season, and throughout the 19th century the Philharmonic generally played between four and eight different programs each season, including the US premieres of Ludwig van Beethoven’s Symphonies nos. 2, 3, 4, 7, 8, and 9.
In 1909 the Philharmonic musicians gave up their self-management system and joined a group of wealthy New Yorkers who guaranteed weekly salaries, increased the number of concerts in the first year to 54, and hired gustav Mahler as conductor. These “Guarantors” were led by Mary Sheldon, who raised $300,000. In ...