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date: 20 November 2019


  • Barbara Moore
  • , revised by Kelsey Cowger


A loose international coalition of visual artists, writers, performers, and musicians. Though a contingent of active artists still self-identify as part of Fluxus, most of the primary activity that took place under the name occurred between 1960 and 1978. It is historically inaccurate to call Fluxus a “movement” in its own right. The term was coined by the Lithuanian émigré and impresario George Maciunas, who initially used “Fluxus” as a descriptor for certain works of early 1960s conceptual performance art. These performance pieces were primarily staged at sites in downtown New York City, including two that would ultimately become hubs of Fluxus performance: Yoko Ono’s loft and Maciunas’s own AG Gallery. One important proto-Fluxus concert series was organized by the composer La Monte Young and staged at Ono’s loft between December 1960 and June 1961; Young’s influential Compositions 1960 premiered during this series. In 1962–63, Maciunas formally unveiled the Fluxus logo, organizing a number of European concerts while recruiting international artists to join the nominal movement. However, many composers and artists, though actively participating in the Maciunas-sponsored productions, rejected the Fluxus label as excessively confining. Particularly in the early period, the roster of self-identified Fluxus artists changed constantly, and many of those involved worked simultaneously in more conventional media....

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