Show Summary Details

Page of

Printed from Grove Music Online. Grove is a registered trademark. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a single article for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy).

date: 05 December 2019

Hendricks, Jon (jazz) [John Carl]locked

  • Philip Greene
  • , revised by Barry Kernfeld


[John Carl]

(b Newark, OH, Sept 16, 1921; d New York, Nov 22, 2017). American singer and lyricist. At the age of 14 he often sang with Art Tatum. Recalling army service during World War II, he said “we fought the White soldiers in the American army long before we met Germans”; he eventually went absent without leave after a race riot, was caught a year later and imprisoned, but after 11 months was released, in a cover-up of the racial incidents (Joyce and Joyce, 1983). On his return home he continued to sing and also played drums while attending college in Toledo, Ohio, where he studied literature and, later, law. On one occasion during this period he worked with Charlie Parker, who advised him to take up music professionally. He moved to New York, where he recorded Four Brothers (May 1955, not 1957, as is often given) with Dave Lambert and ...

You do not currently have access to this article


Please login to access the full content.


Please subscribe to access the full content.

Jazz Times (Washington, 1980-)
L. Feather: The Encyclopedia of Jazz in the Sixties (New York, 1966/R1986)
Down Beat
Village Voice
L. Feather: The Encyclopedia of Jazz (New York, 1955, rev. and enlarged 2/1960/R1984)
L. Feather and I. Gitler: The Encyclopedia of Jazz in the Seventies (New York, 1976/R1987)
Crescendo International