Dvorský, Rudolf Antonín [Antonín, Rudolf]
- Brian Locke
(b March 24, 1899, Königinhof an der Elbe [now Dvůr Králové nad Labem], Bohemia; d Aug 2, 1966, Prague). Czech bandleader, singer, composer, actor, and publisher. He was the central figure of the Czech popular music industry from 1919 to 1948. He began composing as a youth and was soon corresponding with music-hall performers in Prague, leading to his first publications (1917–18) and a formal invitation to join the Červená sedma cabaret (1919). Arriving in Prague, he adopted the pseudonym Dvorský, the adjectival form of his hometown, Dvůr [Králové].
Most of Dvorský’s compositions date from his early years in Prague, where he was a chief proponent of the Tin Pan Alley style. This body of work formed the repertoire of his performance ensembles: the five-piece Melody Makers (formed in 1925) and the ever-increasing Melody Boys (1929–44), which peaked at around 50 instrumentalists. Dvorský’s many film appearances after ...