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date: 18 November 2019


  • Katy Romanou,
  • Thomas J. Mathiesen,
  • Alexander Lingas,
  • Nikos Maliaras,
  • Achilleus Chaldaiakis,
  • John Plemmenos,
  • Pyrros Bamichas,
  • Kostas Kardamis,
  • Sofia Kontossi,
  • Myrto Economides,
  • Dafni Tragaki,
  • Ioannis Tsagkarakis,
  • Kostas Chardas,
  • Manolis Seiragakis,
  • Sotirios Chianis
  •  and Rudolph M. Brandl


Katy Romanou

Greeks have a history of over three millennia, during which they inhabited large and varied areas mainly in Europe, Asia, and North Africa. The greatest expansion of ancient Greek civilization was achieved with Alexander the Great’s conquests and the establishment of states by his successors during the Hellenistic period. Greek language and civilization, globalized at that crucial moment of change for world history, were vehicles of the new religion that would expand to western Europe. In that same period, and in the Greek language, sciences were perfected in the new centres, such as Alexandria; mechanics, acoustics, and philology contributed to the invention and improvement of musical instruments, the scientific justification of Greek musical concepts, and the preservation in critical editions of the corpus of ancient Greek literature in all fields.

In 200–146 bce the Romans completed the conquest of Greek centres, and in 30 bce, with the conquest of Alexandria, the Roman Empire dominated all the Hellenistic states. In 330 ...

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C. Sachs: The History of Musical Instruments (New York, 1940)
Musical Quarterly
Journal of Music Theory
The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians
Die Musik in Geschichte und Gegenwart
O. Strunk: Source Readings in Music History (New York, rev. 2/1998 by L. Treitler)