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Caramba [quijongo, zambumbia, arpaché, marimbaché].free

  • Andrés Amado
  •  and John M. Schechter

Musical bow of Central America, notably Guatemala, Honduras, and El Salvador. Probably of African provenance, it consists of a wooden bow about 170 cm long, a gourd resonator, and a string. The string is struck with a stick and resonated by the gourd and the player’s mouth. Possibly obsolete nowadays, it was significant during the colonial period and throughout the 19th century, when it accompanied dance dramas that are now nearly extinct. It is called quijongo in Nicaragua and Costa Rica, zambumbia in Honduras and Guatemala, arpaché in Guatemala, and marimbaché by the Kekchi Indians of Guatemala where it is up to 2 metres long. Zambumbia or sambumbia may also refer to a friction drum.


  • R. Manzanares: ‘Instrumentos musicales tradicionales de Honduras’, Boletín interamericano de música, vols.69–70 (1969), 6ff
  • A. Arrivillaga Cortés: Exposición no. 6 de Instrumentos Musicales de la Tradición Popular de Guatemala (Guatemala City, 1982)