Vaksin [vaccine, banbou, boom pipe, bamboo bass]
- Gage Averill
[vaccine, banbou, boom pipe, bamboo bass]
One-note trumpet of Haiti and Jamaica. It is a bamboo tube more than 1 m long and 5 to 7 cm in diameter, open at one end with a mouth-hole cut into a node at the other, and wrapped with recycled bicycle inner-tube rubber. The player blows in energetic puffs, producing a low-pitched note; players also tap the bamboo with sticks in order to add an additional layer of percussion. Normally in a rara band several vaksin of different pitches sound in alternation to produce an ostinato hocketing pattern. They exploit approximate minor 3rd intervals (creating tritones and arpeggiated diminished chords, but without a harmonic intent), with two of the vaksin often tuned approximately a semitone apart. One of the vaksin pitches generally serves as the tonal centre of rara songs. The rara ensemble also includes tin trumpets called konè (from cornet). Konè players may reinforce the vaksin ostinato, play improvised patterns, or hum the melody of the song while blowing to create a mysterious, kazoo-like complement to the song....