Celoniato, Giovanni Francesco
- Philip J. Kass
(b Turin, Italy, April 13, 1675; d Turin, Italy, Feb 17, 1751). Italian violin maker. He was the most important maker in Turin during the first half of the 18th century. He first came to lutherie after the 1710s; at the time of the Siege of Turin he was working as an armourer. His training remains unknown, but his style most closely resembles that of Henricus Cattenar and Spirito Sorsana, and nothing in his work suggests any contact with Chiaffredo Cappa, as has been claimed. Most of his instruments were made during the 1720s and 1730s, although he remained active as a maker and repairer well into the 1740s. He retired in 1746, and few of his violin-making materials remained in his estate at the time of his death.
Celoniato set his violins’ ribs into a channel cut into the back, as did contemporary Turin makers and French and Flemish makers of the same period. His model is a rather slender and stiffer adaptation of the Brothers Amati small pattern, with low arching and f-holes set at an angle. His pegboxes are distinctively very narrow. His varnish is invariably a medium golden yellow, firm and fairly transparent....