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date: 21 September 2019


  • John M. Schechter
  •  and J. Richard Haefer

Notched flute, a large kena, of the Bolivian Alti Plano, also found in Tarapacá Province, Chile. Called pheta by the Chipaya people, it is made from tokoró, a local cane, with six fingerholes and a thumbhole. The instruments are played in groups to accompany dancing, particularly at the feast of Santiago (July 25) among the Chipaya of the Department of Oruro. The lichiwayu ensemble of Ayparavi village has three sizes of flute: the qolta (about 31 cm long), the taipi (41 cm), and the paqi (58 cm, with an inside diameter of 3.5 cm).

The paceño closely resembles the lichiwayu and is also made from tokoró with six fingerholes and a thumbhole. It is found in two sizes, mala (large) and ch’ili (smaller), and is used in an ensemble at Huancarani, Cochabamba Department, Bolivia. They play melodies in parallel 5ths accompanied by a small double-headed drum (wankarita).


  • M.P. Baumann: ‘Music, Dance, and Song of the Chipayas (Bolivia)’, Latin American Music Review, vol.2/2 (1981), 171–222.