Traviata, La (‘The Fallen Woman’)
- Roger Parker
(‘The Fallen Woman’)
Opera in three acts by Giuseppe Verdi to a libretto by Francesco Maria Piave after Alexandre Dumas’s play La dame aux camélias; Venice, Teatro La Fenice, 6 March 1853.
By April 1852 Verdi had agreed to write a new opera for the Carnival 1853 season at the Teatro La Fenice in Venice, with Francesco Maria Piave as librettist. But even as late as October no subject had been decided upon: the unusually tight schedule was due in part to Verdi’s continuing work on Il trovatore, whose première in Rome eventually took place less than two months before that of La traviata. By the beginning of November, however, Verdi and Piave had elected to base their opera on Dumas fils’ play, which had first been performed in Paris earlier that year. The working title of the opera, later changed at the insistence of the Venetian censors, was Amore e morte...