Vampyr, Der (‘The Vampire’)(i)
- A. Dean Palmer
Grosse romantische Oper in two acts by Heinrich August Marschner to a libretto by Wilhelm August Wohlbrück after plays based on John W. Polidori’s story The Vampyre, itself a revision of Lord Byron’s Fragment of a Novel, sometimes called Augustus Darvell; Leipzig, Stadttheater, 29 March 1828.
The original literary source for Marschner’s Vampyr was the fragment of a novel that Byron’s doctor, John W. Polidori, worked up from sketches Byron had abandoned. Attributed to Byron and published in 1819 in the New Monthly Magazine under the title The Vampyre, the story created a sensation. Plays on the vampire theme became popular in France. The most favoured among them proved to be Le vampire (Paris, 13 June 1820) by P. F. A. Carmouche, C. Nodier and A. de Jouffroy, but when J. R. Planché transplanted the action to Scotland, added fresh intrigue, and adapted the work for English audiences as ...