Berg, Alban (opera) (Maria Johannes )
- Andrew Clements
(Maria Johannes )
(b Vienna, Feb 9, 1885; d Vienna, Dec 24, 1935). Austrian composer . Although he wrote a substantial amount of music in his late teens (most of it songs firmly fixed in the German lied tradition), he was almost entirely self-taught as a composer before he began studying with Schoenberg in October 1904. He had, however, already immersed himself thoroughly in the intellectual life of turn-of-the century Vienna, and the artistic friendships he had made at that impressionable age – with Zweig, Kraus, Altenberg, Loos, Klimt and Kokoschka – were to remain influential throughout his life. The works Berg composed during his formal studies with Schoenberg – from the Seven Early Songs (1905–8), to the String Quartet op.3 of 1910 – trace how the harmonic apparatus of late Romanticism was gradually replaced first with the kind of freely associative treatment of tonal relationships that Schoenberg himself was exploring in his works of the period, and finally with unfettered atonality....