Feustking, Friedrich Christian
- Dorothea Schröder
(b Stellau, nr Itzehoe, 1678; d Tolk, nr Schleswig, Feb 3, 1739). German librettist . He had a humanistic education, studied theology at Wittenberg and established himself at Hamburg in 1702 as a private teacher and writer. His librettos for the Teater am Gänsemarkt (Die betrogene Staats-Liebe, oder … Die unglückselige Cleopatra, Mattheson, 1704; Der in Krohnen erlangte Glücks-Wechsel, oder Almira, Königin von Castilien, Handel, 1705, later set by Keiser, 1706; and Die durch Blut und Mord erlangete Liebe, oder Nero, Handel, 1705) involved him in a literary quarrel with Barthold Feind and Christian Friedrich Hunold (known as Menantes) who criticized some aspects of rhyme and morals. Both parties issued several pamphlets, until Feustking moved to Tolk to take over a parsonage. His merit as a librettist was in the somewhat unconventional characterization of his heroes, who were allowed to be hesitating and weak, giving way to their feelings in beautifully flowing lyrical arias. The starkly contrasting comic scenes were condemned by Chrysander but appear to be an outgrowth of popular traditions....