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date: 10 April 2021

Mozart, (Johann Chrysostom) Wolfgang Amadeuslocked

  • Cliff Eisen
  •  and Stanley Sadie


Member of Mozart family

(b Salzburg, Jan 27, 1756; d Vienna, Dec 5, 1791). Austrian composer, son of (1) Leopold Mozart. His style essentially represents a synthesis of many different elements, which coalesced in his Viennese years, from 1781 on, into an idiom now regarded as a peak of Viennese Classicism. The mature music, distinguished by its melodic beauty, its formal elegance and its richness of harmony and texture, is deeply coloured by Italian opera though also rooted in Austrian and south German instrumental traditions. Unlike Haydn, his senior by 24 years, and Beethoven, his junior by 15, he attempted most of the art-music forms of his time and excelled at them all.

Mozart was baptized on the day after his birth at St Rupert's Cathedral as Joannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus. The first two names record that 27 January was the feast day of St John Chrysostom, while Wolfgangus was the name of his maternal grandfather and Theophilus a name of his godfather, the merchant Joannes Theophilus Pergmayr; Mozart sometimes preferred the Latin form, Amadeus, but more frequently Amadè, Amadé or the German form Gottlieb. He was the seventh and last child born to Leopold Mozart and his wife Maria Anna, née Pertl (...

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Hamburger Jahrbuch für Musikwissenschaft
St Petersburg, Rossiyskiy Institut Istorii Iskusstv
Keszthely, Helikon Kastélymúzeum, Könyvtár
Journal of Musicological Research
Salzburg, Internationale Stiftung Mozarteum, Bibliotheca Mozartiana
The New Oxford History of Music (Oxford, 1954-90)
Journal of the Royal Musical Association
Opera Quarterly
Early Music
Weyarn, Pfarrkirche, Bibliothek [on loan to D-FS]
London, British Library
C. von Wurzbach: Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich (Vienna, 1856-91)
Musical Quarterly
Archiv für Musikwissenschaft
Cambridge Opera Journal
Musical Times
Acta musicologica
Kirchenmusikalisches Jahrbuch
19th Century Music
Music Review
Allgemeine (deutsche) Musik-Zeitung/Musikzeitung (1874-1943)
Bologna, Civico Museo Bibliografico Musicale
Rivista musicale italiana
Mozart-Jahrbuch [Salzburg, 1950-]
Rivista italiana di musicologia
Die Musikforschung
Augsburg, Heilig-Kreuz-Kirche, Dominikanerkloster, Biliothek [in D-Asa]
Göttweig, Benediktinerstift, Musikarchiv
Musical Antiquary
Revue de musicologie
International Musicological Society: Congress Report [1930-]
Svensk tidskrift för musikforskning
Proceedings of the Royal Musical Association
Analecta musicologica
Studia musicologica Academiae scientiarum hungaricae
Journal of the American Musicological Society
Bologna, Accademia Filarmonica, Archivio
Music & Letters
Zeitschrift der Internationalen Musik-Gesellschaft
Die Musik in Geschichte und Gegenwart
Prague, Národní Knihovna, Hudenbí Oddělení
Journal of Musicology
Mitteilungen der Internationalen Stiftung Mozarteum
Salzburg, Erzabtei St Peter, Musikarchiv
Galpin Society Journal
Österreichische Musikzeitschrift
Studien zur Musikwissenschaft
Beiträge zur Musikwissenschaft
Schweizerische Musikzeitung/Revue musicale suisse
Current Musicology
Offenbach am Main, Verlagsarchiv André