- Stephan Hammel
(b Eibenschütz [Ivančice], Moravia, Nov 1, 1855; d Vienna, Feb 15, 1941). Austrian musicologist. He was born to Joachim Adler and Franziska (Fanni) Eisenschitz, both bourgeois Sudenten Germans of Jewish descent. Joachim was a medical doctor whose commitment to homeopathy, a therapeutic approach inconsistent with the germ theory of disease, tied him to the kind of premodern scientific tradition his son’s generation of scientists would be at pains to displace. He perished in 1856 at the age of 55 of typhoid fever, which he contracted from a patient. Fanni was the daughter of a prosperous merchant family. Any inherited wealth Fanni enjoyed in her early married life, however, had been spent by the time of her widowhood. She obtained a pension (Gnadenpension) from the state after Joachim’s death, which helped fund Guido’s early education. An amateur guitarist, Fanni was also Guido’s earliest musical influence. The family moved from Eibenschütz (Ivančice) to Iglau (Jihalva) before finally settling in Vienna in ...