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John Warrack

revised by Cecelia H. Porter

(b Sulza, Thuringia, March 7, 1783; d Leipzig, Aug 27, 1846). German critic, editor, theologian and composer. The son of a Reformed pastor, Gottfried was a chorister at Naumburg. In Leipzig he studied music and theology (1804–9) and served as a Reformed pastor (1810–16), establishing and directing a theological seminary (1814–27). He also composed many songs and in 1808 began writing for the Allgemeine musikalische Zeitung, of which he succeeded Gottfried Christoph Härtel as editor (1827–41). He taught at the Leipzig Conservatory (1838–43) and was briefly its director in 1842.

Fink was initially neutral in the controversy between Classicism and Romanticism, and was friendly with Weber, who gave his Sechs Lieder (1812) a warm review in the Allgemeine musikalische Zeitung and printed one song, Die Liebenden, in full. However, Fink later took up a stubborn stand against the younger Romantics. He published only half of Schumann's enthusiastic review (...


Horst Leuchtmann

revised by James Deaville

(b Leipzig, Feb 12, 1769; d Leipzig, Dec 16, 1842). German critic, writer and editor. He was educated at the Thomasschule, Leipzig, where he studied composition and counterpoint with the Kantor, J.F. Doles. He began composing at an early age and was 17 when his cantata Die Vollendung des Erlösers was first performed. It was perhaps the impression made on him by Mozart, whom he met in Leipzig in 1789, that caused him to doubt his own talent and abandon a musical career; on his father’s advice he began studying theology, but in 1794 he chose the career of a writer, since his humble background prevented advancement in the Church. He published many stories and dramatic works, as well as popular scientific articles, most of which found recognition in his lifetime. He enjoyed close ties with Weimar: a Lustspiel by Rochlitz was performed there in 1800, performances of three other stage works soon followed and Rochlitz visited Weimar in ...