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David Gilbert

Name given to a competition that awarded artists and composers with a funded period of study in Rome. Although awards with a similar name have been offered by Belgian, American and other academies, in music the term usually refers to the prize offered by the French Académie des Beaux-Arts.

The contest was held annually from 1803 to 1968, suspended only during the two world wars. It was organized and judged by the music section of the Académie des Beaux-Arts, although during the Second Empire (1864–71) it was administered by the Paris Conservatoire. While prizes in painting, sculpture and architecture had been offered throughout the 18th century, a music prize was authorized only when the Institut National and its constituent academies were reorganized by Napoleon in 1803. The prizes were funded by the French government with the aim of fostering French culture. The Prix de Rome in music endured the revolutions, monarchies, empires and republics of the 19th and 20th centuries, but not the student uprisings of the 1960s, after which it was abolished....


Anne Schnoebelen

(d Bologna, 1711). Italian music publisher and editor. He began his career as a seller of books and music, trading ‘at the sign of the violin’. He occasionally used the presses of the Bolognese printer Giacomo Monti, particularly for the anthologies of Bolognese music that he edited (Sacri concerti, 1668; Nuova raccolta di motetti sacri, 1670; Canzonette per camera a voce sola, 1670; Scielta delle suonate a due violini, con il basso continuo, 1680), and for several other publications in 1683–4. From at least 1665 until his death he also did his own printing. His music publications include both sacred and instrumental music by G.B. Bassani, Cazzati, Aldrovandini, Cherici, G.P. Colonna, his son Giuseppe Antonio Silvani, Corelli, Jacchini and Manfredini. He published at least three lists of his printed works in 1698–9, 1704 [?1701] and 1709 [?1707]. After his death his heirs continued the firm, publishing a reprint of Corelli’s op.5 and G.A. Silvani’s op.7 (both in ...


Margaret Cranmer

Austrian firm of piano makers . It was founded in 1802 when the daughter of Johann Andreas Stein, Nannette (Maria Anna) Stein Streicher (b Augsburg, 2 Jan 1769; d Vienna, 16 Jan 1833), began building pianos independently from her brother Matthäus Andreas Stein. Stein’s children had carried on their father’s firm after his death and moved the firm from Augsburg to Vienna after Nannette’s marriage to the pianist, composer and teacher Johann Andreas Streicher (b Stuttgart, 13 Dec 1761; d Vienna, 25 May 1833) in 1794. Nannette, also a fine pianist, had learnt piano making from her father, and up to 1810 her piano actions were similar to his, being without back checks (see Pianoforte §I 3. and Pianoforte §I 5.). Her business – ‘Nannette Streicher née Stein’ – flourished, and her husband, a professor of music at Vienna, gave up his job to join her. Weber (in a letter to Johann Gänsbacher, ...


Edmond Strainchamps

(b Florence, Nov 16, 1567; d Florence, July 15, 1648). Italian composer and lutenist. Cesare Tinghi, the Medici court diarist, called him (in Solerti) ‘Lorenzo [or Lorenzino] todesco del liuto’, which has encouraged the notion that he may have been German, but his baptismal record confirms that he was from Florence. He entered the ranks of salaried musicians at the Medici court on 15 April 1604 as a lutenist; during the period 1636–7 he was referred to as maestro di liuto. In January 1622 he was appointed guardaroba della musica, and in due course he was also placed in charge of the pages who played, sang and danced in court entertainments. He continued to serve the court until his death. He seems chiefly to have written instrumental music. Only two vocal pieces by him are known: Tu piangi, a madrigal for solo voice and continuo published in Antonio Brunelli's ...