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Rolfe  

Margaret Cranmer

the Consolidated Rates for the parish of All Hallows, Honey Lane. James Longman Rolfe (relationship not certain) joined the firm in 1836 . The firm ceased production in 1888 . In 1797 , with Samuel Davis, Rolfe patented (no.2160) the earliest specification for ‘Turkish music’ in pianos, where a hammer strikes the soundboard to produce the sound of a drum. The hammer action, based on the English single action ( see Pianoforte §I 4. and fig. ) and operated by a pedal, is illustrated in Harding (p.135). The patent also specifies that instead of using the soundboard

Article

Stodart  

Margaret Cranmer

had an older brother, William ( b London, 6 July 1792 ), but the extent of his involvement in the business is not known. Manufacture ceased in 1861 . Bibliography BoalchM ClinkscaleMP W. Pole : Musical Instruments in the Great Industrial Exhibition of 1851 (London, 1851) R.E.M. Harding : The Piano-Forte: its History Traced to the Great Exhibition of 1851 (Cambridge, 1933/ R , 2/1978/ R ) M. Cole : The Pianoforte in the Classical Era (Oxford, 1998)