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Rolfe  

Margaret Cranmer

the Consolidated Rates for the parish of All Hallows, Honey Lane. James Longman Rolfe (relationship not certain) joined the firm in 1836. The firm ceased production in 1888. In 1797 , with Samuel Davis, Rolfe patented (no.2160) the earliest specification for ‘Turkish music’ in pianos, where a hammer strikes the soundboard to produce the sound of a drum. The hammer action, based on the English single action ( see Pianoforte §I 4. and fig. ) and operated by a pedal, is illustrated in Harding (p.135). The patent also specifies that instead of using the soundboard

Article

Stodart  

Margaret Cranmer

had an older brother, William ( b London, 6 July 1792 ), but the extent of his involvement in the business is not known. Manufacture ceased in 1861. Bibliography BoalchM ClinkscaleMP W. Pole : Musical Instruments in the Great Industrial Exhibition of 1851 (London, 1851) R.E.M. Harding : The Piano-Forte: its History Traced to the Great Exhibition of 1851 (Cambridge, 1933/ R , 2/1978/ R ) M. Cole : The Pianoforte in the Classical Era (Oxford, 1998)