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Robert Münster

[Michel]

German family of musicians.

(b Neumarkt, Upper Palatinate, 1708; d Regensburg, 1770). Composer, son of the choirmaster and organist Anton Michl. He studied for four years with Wagenseil in Vienna, then became Kapellmeister at Sulzbach during the brief reign of Duke Johann Christian Joseph (1732–3). After the duke’s death Michl worked in Regensburg as, among other things, a composer for the embassies; in 1738 he became Kapellmeister at the cathedral. He composed some music (now lost) for sacred dramas, including a Lenten meditation for the Congregatio Latina Major in Munich (1739) and others for the Jesuits in Ingolstadt. Apart from six masses printed in Augsburg (op.1, 1744) his many liturgical works remained in manuscript and are now lost (see Mettenleiter).

(b Neumarkt, 1723; d Munich, March 23, 1754). Organist and composer, brother of (1) Johann Joseph Ildefons Michl. He was educated at the electoral Gymnasium in Munich. In ...

Article

Robert Lindell and Brian Mann

[Filippo di]

(b Mechelen, 1521; d Prague, July 4, 1603). Flemish composer. He was an important representative of the last generation of great Flemish composers of the Renaissance, and was one of the major composers of Italian madrigals.

Robert Lindell

Nothing certain is known of Monte's origins, but his will mentions several relatives, confirming that he must have had at least two siblings. It is likely that he received his first musical training as a choirboy at St Rombouts Cathedral in Mechelen. He was employed early on as an instructor to the children of the Genovese banker Domenico Pinelli, in Naples. One of his charges, Gianvincenzo Pinelli, attended university in Padua starting in 1552, so Monte may have had to find other employment from this date. There is, however, some confusion about these years: a certain Philippe de Monte is mentioned in 1548 and at various intervals until 1556 as a ...

Article

Judith Leah Schwartz

[Johann; Georg Matthias]

(b Vienna, April 9, 1717; d Vienna, Oct 3, 1750). Austrian composer. The elder son of a coachman, Jakob Mann, and Catherina Päsching Mann, he was baptized Johann Georg but used the names Matthias Georg instead, possibly to avoid confusion with his younger brother Johann Christoph Monn. His preferred spelling, ‘Monn’, may be understood as a Lower Austrian dialect version of the family name Mann. He apparently sang in the choir at Klosterneuburg monastery in 1731–2 and at an early age (but not before 1738) became organist at the new Karlskirche in Vienna. There is little to support Gerber’s assertion that Monn was ‘Hoforganist’ at Melk Abbey or that he gave J.G. Albrechtsberger his first lessons in thoroughbass there. Albrechtsberger’s alleged reverence for Monn as a teacher (described by Sonnleithner) has not been proved, but a surviving set of thoroughbass exercises by Monn ( A-Wn 19101) suggests that he devoted part of his career to teaching....

Article

John Kucaba

revised by Bertil H. van Boer

(b Vienna, Jan 29, 1715; d Vienna, March 1, 1777). Austrian composer, keyboard player and teacher. He can be considered one of the pivotal figures in the development of the Classical style in Vienna with a compositional career that spanned a period from Fux, his teacher, to Haydn and W.A. Mozart, for whom he served as a precursor.

Wagenseil’s father and maternal grandfather were functionaries at the Viennese imperial court. In his teens he began to compose keyboard pieces and to receive keyboard instruction with the organist of the Michaelerkirche in Vienna, Adam Weger. His accomplishments brought him to the attention of the court Kapellmeister, Johann Joseph Fux, who recommended him for a court scholarship in 1735; for the next three years he received intensive instruction in keyboard playing, counterpoint and composition from his sponsor and from Matteo Palotta. As a result of an enthusiastic endorsement from Fux, Wagenseil was appointed composer to the court on ...