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Article

Elizabeth Roche

(b Bolzano, Jan 30, 1710; d Hall am Inn, nr Innsbruck, March 14, 1768). Italian composer. His brother Candido Faitello (d Bolzano, 5 Oct 1761) was chaplain at the parish church at Bolzano in 1725, and is known as a composer. Vigilio may have been a choirboy at the same church; he was a tenor and violinist there from 1732 to 1747. On 18 March 1747 he moved to Hall in Tyrol as Kapellmeister to the royal nunnery there. This was one of the most famous and best-equipped musical institutions in the Tyrol, and Faitello had at his disposal better singers and instrumentalists than almost any of the other composers publishing sacred music at the time.

Faitello’s music is much more Italianate in style than that of his German contemporaries, especially in the sacred arias opp.1 and 2, evidently written for the castratos at Hall. His vocal lines, full of wide leaps, long complicated melismas and chromaticisms, are much too difficult for the average singers at whom most published sacred music was aimed. The pieces are most interesting for the unusually detailed phrase markings which Faitello inserted in the voice parts....

Article

Walter Senn

revised by Joachim Veit

(Baptist Peter Joseph)

(b Sterzing, South Tyrol [now Vipiteno, Italy], May 8, 1778; d Vienna, July 13, 1844). Austrian composer and conductor. He was the son of a choirmaster and teacher, Johann Gänsbacher (1751–1806), and as a boy sang in church choirs in Sterzing, Innsbruck, Hall and Bolzano; he also had lessons in piano, organ, violin, cello and thoroughbass. In 1795 he went to the university at Innsbruck and studied first philosophy, then law, supporting himself by giving music lessons, playing the organ, singing in church choirs and playing in the theatre orchestra. His first compositions date from this period. While at university he took part in four campaigns against Napoleon. In 1801 he went to Vienna to continue his musical studies, and was relieved of financial worries when Count Firmian, who further promoted his career as a musician, took him into his family as a son in about ...

Article

August Scharnagl

revised by Robert Münster

[Johannes Baptist]

(b Meran [now Merano], June 20, 1730; d Andechs, nr Ammersee, April 3, 1797). German composer, choir director and organist. He was a choirboy at the chapel of the royal convent in Hall, and sang in school comedies at the Jesuit Gymnasium there (1743–5); he continued his studies at the monastery of Polling, Bavaria, and at Freising. In 1749 he entered the Benedictine monastery at Andechs and in 1754 was ordained priest. According to his foreword to the offertories op.1, he studied at Andechs with the music director Gregor Schreyer, was the monastery's assistant director of music (1755), organist and director of the Tafelmusik (1757), leader of the Figuralchor (1760) and singing master (1761–2). In 1763, to encourage his compositional activity, Abbot Meinrad Moosmüller sent him to visit the Italian Opera in Munich. In 1767 he became the music director and leader of the boys’ classes at the Andechs monastery. In ...

Article

Lorenz Welker

(b Ḃurg Schöneck, Pustertal, c1376; d Merano, Aug 2, 1445). South Tyrolean poet. His life is unusually well documented in archival material and his own autobiographical songs, and several portraits of him survive. He came from the noble south Tyrolean family of Villanders and Wolkenstein, and was the second son of Friedrich von Wolkenstein and Katharina von Trostberg, who had seven children in all. Much of Oswald’s life was spent travelling – he was already spending time away from home by the age of ten. He is known to have been in the Tyrol in 1400, when his father died, but he was soon on the road again. His second period of travel, during which he took part in King Ruprecht’s Italian campaign, led to financial difficulties which in turn led to a dispute with his elder brother, not the last time that he was involved in family arguments. However, he also forged links with the church and with secular authorities – his political activities were linked to his membership of the ‘Elephant League’ (...

Article

Lawrence E. Bennett

(b probably Verona, 1672; d Vienna, Sept 23, 1738). Italian composer. His earliest known work is the oratorio La sete di Cristo in croce, a sepolcro written for Innsbruck in 1691. At the begining of 1692 he may have lived in Rome, where his earliest secular dramatic works were produced. By spring 1692 he was a court composer at Innsbruck. He gained the enthusiastic patronage of Eleonora Maria (1653–97), widow of both King Michael Wisniowiecki of Poland and Duke Charles of Lorraine, and stepsister of Emperor Leopold I. Besides the 1691 oratorio, Badia composed for Innsbruck two operas in 1692, as well as two sepolcri for Holy Week 1693. With the support of Eleonora Maria, who moved to Vienna late in 1693, and with a recommendation from the King of Poland, he was appointed Musik-Compositeur at the imperial court on 1 July 1694, receiving an initial monthly salary of 60 florins retroactive to ...