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Hans Radke

revised by Tim Crawford

(b Halle, bap. Oct 18, 1611; d Strasbourg, after 1669). German composer and lutenist, son of Valentin Strobel. From 1629 he worked as a lutenist and theorbo player in the Hofkapelle at Darmstadt. After a temporary stay at the Stuttgart court, where he obtained 30 florins as severance pay on 1 June 1634, he entered the service of Margrave Friedrich V of Baden-Durlach. The margrave was forced to leave his territories after the battle at Nördlingen on 6 September 1634, and he moved with his court to near Strasbourg. Together with other musicians, Strobel was dismissed after 1638, but he remained in Strasbourg. He married there on 28 July 1640, and on 15 August of the same year he acquired rights of citizenship. From this time until the early 1670s he seems to have taught the lute to students at the University of Strasbourg (see Meyer and Rollin)....

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Patrick Macey, Jeremy Noble, Jeffrey Dean and Gustave Reese

[Josse Gosse Gossequin Jossequin Joskin Josquinus Jodocus Judocus Juschino Desprez des Près des Prés de Prés a Prato de Prato Pratensis]

(b ? nr Saint Quentin, c1450–55; d Condé-sur-l’Escaut, Aug 27, 1521). French composer. He was one of the greatest composers of the Renaissance, whose reputation stands on a level with those of Du Fay, Ockeghem, Palestrina, Lassus and Byrd. His music spans the transition between the sound-world of the late Middle Ages and that of the High Renaissance, and served as a model for much of the 16th century. ‘Josquin’ is the diminutive of Josse (Lat. Judocus), the name of a Breton saint active in northern France and Flanders in the 7th century; an uncommon name in recent times, it was widespread in that region during the 15th and 16th centuries.

The documentation of Josquin’s life is riddled with gaps; the earlier part of his career has been subject to considerable re-evaluation since the middle of the 20th century, and his place and date of birth remain uncertain. The evidence for the early part of his life is largely derivative or inferential, although a few definite points can be established....