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Robert Münster

[Johann Evangelist]

(b Pilsting, Nov 27, 1745; d Amberg, Sept 27, 1784). German composer. He came from a rural family, received his musical instruction in Geiselhöring and, according to Lipowsky, was also a pupil of Leopold Mozart. He completed his studies in the arts and philosophy at the Benedictine lyceum at Freising. Many of his compositions originated there, some of which are possibly among the seven masses and two litanies mentioned in the thematic catalogue of the Dommusikalien of Freising ( D-Msa HL III F.41 ex.Nr.41). After completing his studies Stoeckl entered the Benedictine abbey at Mallersdorf and took his vows on 27 October 1771. On 18 July 1773 he was ordained priest, and in the following year took over the office of music prefect in the abbey. From the autumn of 1781 he worked as professor of humanities at the Gymnasium in Amberg. His compositions for the school theatre are lost, but several sacred works are in Bavarian churches (...


Robert Münster and Paul Corneilson

(b Marseilles, 1706; d Munich, Jan 24, 1784). Italian composer. Early sources state that he was born in 1712. His father, a French officer, settled in Parma after his withdrawal from military service. Little is known of Bernasconi’s education. In the librettos of his early operas he is referred to as a Milanese dilettante (1737 and 1743) and as a Veronese (1742 and 1745), but mainly as a Milanese (1737, 1743–53). In 1744–53 he was maestro di cappella at the Ospedale della Pietà in Venice, and in 1747 he married Maria Josepha Wagele (c1722–1762) in Parma. He instructed his stepdaughter, Antonia, in music and helped launch her successful singing career. A decree of 24 November 1753 refers to his engagement as assistant Kapellmeister of vocal music in Munich from 1 August 1753; his appointment coincided with the opening of the Residenztheater. He was soon appointed electoral councillor. On ...


Margaret Grave and Jay Lane

[Ditters, Carl]

(b Vienna, Nov 2, 1739; d Neuhof [now Nový Dvůr], nr Sobĕslav, Bohemia, Oct 24, 1799). Austrian composer and violinist. After promising early success in Vienna, he settled for a modest career as a provincial Kapellmeister and administrator. He composed voluminously despite the official responsibilities that occupied him for much of his life, and his generally high standard of craftsmanship earned him recognition as a leading figure of the Viennese Classical school.

Born to Paul Ditters, costumier at the imperial court and theatre in Vienna, and his wife Anna (née Vandelin), Ditters enjoyed the benefits of a Jesuit school education, private tutoring and, from the age of seven, violin lessons. About 1750 he began studies with the violinist J.P. Ziegler, and before long he was accepted into the orchestra of the Schottenkirche. Soon afterwards he was recruited as a Kammerknabe by Prince Joseph Friedrich von Sachsen-Hildburghausen, whose Kapelle was one of the best in Vienna; from ...