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Jerome Roche

revised by Elizabeth Roche

[Steffano]

(b Verona, c1585; d ?Salzburg, 1636). Italian composer and theorist. In his early years he sang under Baccusi at Verona Cathedral and was a chaplain there in 1603. He spent a period in Rome, where at least in 1610 he was maestro di cappella of the church of the Madonna dei Monti. He returned to Verona in April 1611 to take up a similar post at the cathedral and was also associated with the music at the Accademia Filarmonica there, at least in 1616. He left in 1622 to become a musician in the service of Archduke Carl Joseph, Bishop of Breslau and Bressanone, after whose death in 1624 he settled at Salzburg for at least ten years. He was involved in the music for the consecration of Salzburg Cathedral in 1628: he wrote a Te Deum for 12 choirs and a dramatic work, which does not survive. He became a Doctor of Law in ...

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[Mattia Sigismondo]

(b Leibnitz, nr Graz, c1668; d Salzburg, Aug 27, 1743). Austrian composer and lutenist. He studied at the Jesuit university at Graz from not later than 1684 to 1687, and then moved to the Benedictine university at Salzburg, probably as a result of the election of his father’s former master and patron, Johann Ernst, Count Thun, as Prince Archbishop of Salzburg. In 1688 he entered the court Kapelle, perhaps as a solo singer. He became vice-Kapellmeister in 1703, Kapellmeister in 1706, and also taught the choristers singing for some time. In 1723 he was ennobled by Emperor Charles VI. He was appointed high steward in 1726 by the ruling Archbishop of Salzburg. It is notable that as Kapellmeister, a post he filled until his death, Biechteler was paid less than his predecessor, Heinrich Biber.

Biechteler made an important contribution to the construction of a self-contained repertory for Salzburg Cathedral. His numerous liturgical works observe the distinctions, common in Catholic sacred music, between the ...