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Steven Ledbetter

revised by E. Douglas Bomberger

(b Salem, MA, Dec 28, 1837; d Boston, MA, April 4, 1909).American pianist, conductor, organist, teacher, and composer. After early studies with his father, Benjamin Lang, and Francis G. Hill in Boston, he became organist and choirmaster of a Boston church at the age of 15. He went to Europe in 1855 to study composition in Berlin and piano with Alfred Jaëll and Franz Liszt. He made his first public appearance in Boston immediately after his return in 1858, and from the early 1860s was prominent as a pianist. His fame rested particularly on his abilities as an ensemble performer and accompanist, and he performed regularly with the Mendelssohn Quintette Club. he was also active as a soloist and promoted many new works, including Tchaikovsky’s First Concerto and Brahms’s Second, which he played with the Boston SO (he had been the conductor at the world premiere of the Tchaikovsky concerto in Hans von Bülow’s Boston concert in ...


Kate Van Winkle Keller

(b Paris, France, c1762; d Washington, DC, April 11, 1841). American dancing master, choreographer, and composer of dance music. He was born into a family named Landrin with close connections to the court of Louis XVI. He was a pupil of Maximilien Gardel (1741–87), and for six years he was dancing master for the Paris Opéra. He left Paris three days after the fall of the Bastille in 1789 and arrived in Philadelphia in mid-1790. He changed his name, placing advertisements for his dancing schools as Mr. De Duport. Chiefly a choreographer and teacher of social dancing, Duport blended amateur and professional dancing with theatrical standards of content and performance. He wrote music and created hornpipes and other solo dances for his students, as well as duos such as figured minuets, allemandes, and waltzes; group dances, including complex French contredanses, cotillions, and English country dances; and ballets for his classes to perform at recitals. A music copybook in Duport’s hand traces his creative career from ...


Dale Cockrell

(b Andover, NH, April 11, 1807; d Manchester, NH, March 23, 1889). American lexicographer and editor. After apprenticing at the printer’s trade, he moved in 1828 to Brunswick, where he published the first weekly newspaper in Maine. He returned to New Hampshire in 1831, before settling in Vermont in 1838, where he became editor of the Bellows Falls Gazette. Here Moore compiled and published the first comprehensive encyclopedia of music in English, the Complete Encyclopaedia of Music (1852/R1973). During this period he also published three collections of instrumental and vocal music and the World of Music (1840–8), then the longest-running American music periodical. After moving to Manchester in 1863, he edited additional installments of World of Music (1867–70), issued an Appendix (1875/R1973) to his Encyclopaedia, and published A Dictionary of Musical Information (1876), an abridged version of the encyclopedia that includes a useful list of several thousand works published in the United States from ...


Robert W. Groves

revised by R. Allen Lott

(b Lyons, NY, Jan 31, 1854; d Chicago, Jan 7, 1911). American pianist, teacher, and composer. He studied with his father, Lyman H. Sherwood (founder of the Lyons Musical Academy in 1854), and after additional lessons with Edward Heimberger in Rochester and Jan Pychowski in Geneseo, NY, he entered William Mason’s Normal Institute at Binghamton in 1871. Upon Mason’s recommendation, he went to Europe and studied piano with Theodor Kullak, Ludwig Deppe, and Liszt, organ with Scotson Clark, and theory and composition with Karl Doppler, Ernst Richter, and Carl Friedrich Weitzmann. While in Germany he served as an organist in English churches in Berlin and Stuttgart and gave a number of highly acclaimed piano solo and concerto performances, including the Beethoven Fifth Concerto in Berlin and the Grieg Concerto in Hamburg. He returned to the USA in 1876 and began a demanding schedule of recitals and annual concert tours, many in the first decade with his first wife, Mary Fay, a Boston pianist and fellow student of Kullak whom he had married in Germany in ...


Kenneth C. Roberts and John C. Schmidt

(b Portland, ME, Jan 9, 1839; d Cambridge, MA, April 25, 1906). American composer and teacher. He was the first native-born American to win acceptance as a composer of large-scale concert music, and one of the first to be named professor of music in an American university (Harvard).

Paine came from a musical family. His father ran a music store, published sheet music, and conducted the town band; two uncles were professional musicians; his grandfather built one of the first pipe organs in Maine and conducted a band. As a youth, Paine studied organ, piano, harmony, and counterpoint with Hermann Kotzschmar, a conservatory-trained musician who had emigrated from Germany in 1848 and settled in Maine. After a thorough musical grounding, Paine sailed for Europe in September 1858, accompanied by Ludwig van Beethoven biographer Alexander Thayer. In Berlin he studied organ with Karl-August Haupt (who was apparently his principal mentor) and orchestration and composition with Wilhelm Friedrich Wieprecht, among others. He remained abroad for three years, traveling during vacations, playing the organ, and giving recitals in Germany and England. He met and played for Clara Schumann, and he was affected by the rediscovery of the music of Johann Sebastian Bach, then current in Berlin. In his recitals he included his own works, as well as those of Bach, Felix Mendelssohn, and Ludwig Thiele. During this visit and also during a second, lengthy one to Germany in ...