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Bagpipe  

William A. Cocks

revised by Anthony C. Baines and Roderick D. Cannon

Highland bagpipe blown by bellows. In the late 20th century the Lowland pipe has been revived. Society of Antiquaries of Newcastle Upon Tyne (a) Scottish Highland bagpipe, with blowpipe, chanter and three drones; (b) Scottish Lowland bagpipe, with bellows and three drones; (c) early Irish union pipe, with bellows, plain chanter, three drones and a tenor regulator with four keys (all Pitt Rivers Museum, Oxford); (d) early Northumbrian small-pipe, with bellows, plain chanter and three drones, c1770 (National Bagpipe Museum, Newcastle

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Gayda (bagpipe) Gayda (bagpipe) Dr V. Atanassova

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Bagpipe band from Hrčava, Silesia Bagpipe band from Hrčava, Silesia

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Exploded diagram of a Scottish Highland bagpipe Exploded diagram of a Scottish Highland bagpipe

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Ex.3 a) Hrály dudy u Popudy (Erben) [The bagpipes were playing at Popuda]; b) Bagatelles op.47 no.1

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(a) Scottish Highland bagpipe, with blowpipe, chanter and three drones; (b) Scottish Lowland bagpipe, with bellows and three drones; (c) early Irish union pipe, with bellows, plain chanter, three drones and a tenor regulator with four keys (all Pitt River (a) Scottish Highland bagpipe, with blowpipe, chanter and three drones; (b) Scottish Lowland bagpipe, with bellows and three drones; (c) early Irish union pipe, with bellows, plain chanter, three drones and a tenor regulator with four keys (all Pitt Rivers Museum, Oxford); (d) early Northumbrian small-pipe, with bellows

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German bagpipe types, (a) Bock, (b) Schäferpfeife, (c) Hümmelchen, (d) dudy: woodcut from Praetorius’s ‘Theatrum instrumentorum’ (1620) German bagpipe types, (a) Bock, (b) Schäferpfeife, (c) Hümmelchen, (d) dudy: woodcut from Praetorius’s ‘Theatrum instrumentorum’ (1620)

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Hungary II. Folk music 4. Instrumental music.: Ex.10 ‘Bagpipe song’, Dévaványa, county Békés, coll. (1960) and transcr. B. Sárosi Ex.10 ‘Bagpipe song’, Dévaványa, county Békés, coll. (1960) and transcr. B. Sárosi

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France II. Traditional music 2. General characteristics.: Ex.2 A dix-huit ans je sortais de l’église, regret played on cabrette (bagpipe), Saint Simon, Cantal Ex.2 A dix-huit ans je sortais de l’église, regret played on cabrette (bagpipe), Saint Simon, Cantal

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Foursome reel (foreground) danced to the accompaniment of a bagpipe: engraving by J. Shury after J.H.A. Randall, from Thomas Wilson’ ‘A Companion to the Ball Room’ (London, 1816) Foursome reel (foreground) danced to the accompaniment of a bagpipe: engraving by J. Shury after J.H.A. Randall, from Thomas Wilson’ ‘A Companion to the Ball Room’ (London, 1816)

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Nakers, two shawms, bagpipe, two trumpets, fiddle and portative organ accompanying a wedding procession: miniature showing the marriage of Polynices and Tydeus to Argia and Deipyle from the ‘Thebiad of Statius’, Padua, c1380–90 (IRL-Dcb W.76A, f.13v) Nakers, two shawms, bagpipe, two trumpets, fiddle and portative organ accompanying a wedding procession: miniature showing the marriage of Polynices and Tydeus to Argia and Deipyle from the ‘Thebiad of Statius’, Padua, c1380–90 (IRL-Dcb W.76A, f.13v) Reproduced by kind permission of the Trustees of the Chester Beatty Library

Article

Alan Brown

and the pivas of the sixth and seventh suites all begin with the same tune ( ex.1 ). Dalza's book also contains a saltarello and piva for two lutes, in which, bagpipe-like, the second lute is restricted to a tonic chord ostinato. What is probably the earliest source of Italian keyboard dances ( I-Vnm ital.iv. 1227 , dating from c 1520 ) opens with a Padovana in piva (‘Padoana in the style of a bagpipe dance’). An isolated piva occurs in the Intabolatura di lauto libro nono il Bembo of Melchiore de Barberiis (Venice, 1549 ). Bibliography

Article

Anthony C. Baines

throughout the world, but is by no means ubiquitous. The drone probably became established during the early growth of musical systems in western Asia, though there is no strong evidence for it before Hellenistic times, when it had a place in at least some kinds of popular music ( see Bagpipe ).

Article

Säckpipa Swedish bagpipe. See Bagpipe, §7, (ii) and Sweden §II .

Article

Biniou  

Biniou ( Fr. ) A type of bagpipe. See Bagpipe, §6.

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Small-pipe A Northumbrian bagpipe. See Bagpipe, §5 . See also Bagpipe, §5: England

Article

Bock  

Bock ( Ger.: ‘goat’ ) A German bagpipe of the western Slav type. See Bagpipe, §7, (ii).

Article

Schäfferpfeife (Ger.: ‘shepherd’s pipe’ ) A German bagpipe described by Praetorius ( PraetoriusTI ). See Bagpipe, §7, (ii) .