Show Summary Details

Page of

Printed from Oxford Music Online. Grove is a registered trademark. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a single article for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 17 May 2021

Biber, Heinrich Ignaz Franz vonlocked

  • Elias Dann
  • , revised by Jiří Sehnal


(b Wartenberg [now Stráž pod Ralskem], nr Reichenberg [now Liberec], Bohemia, bap. Aug 12, 1644; d Salzburg, May 3, 1704). Austrian violinist and composer of Bohemian birth. He was the outstanding violin virtuoso of the 17th century and a first-rate composer; he wrote instrumental or vocal, sacred or secular music with equal ease. His fame rests mainly upon his violin sonatas, especially those which require scordatura, but his polychoral church music has also attracted interest and admiration.

Biber may have had some music lessons, perhaps by the organist Wiegand Knöffel, in his birthplace, which was the property of Count Maximilian Liechtenstein-Castelcorno, brother of the Bishop of Olmütz. He may have studied at a Jesuit Gymnasium in Bohemia, and in the early 1660s he was already on friendly terms with Pavel Vejvanovský, who was then studying with the Jesuits in Troppau. Before 1668 Biber was a musician in the service of Prince Johann Seyfried Eggenberg in Graz, where Philipp Jakob Rittler and Jakob Prinner were also employed. In ...

You do not currently have access to this article


Please login to access the full content.


Please subscribe to access the full content.

Zeitschrift der Internationalen Musik-Gesellschaft
Sborník prací filosofické [filozofické] fakulty brnenské university [univerzity]
Brussels, Bibliothèque Royale Albert 1er/Koninlijke Bibliotheek Albert I, Section de la Musique
Salzburg, Nonnberg (Benediktiner-Frauenstift), Bibliothek
Archiv für Musikwissenschaft
Dresden, Sächsische Landesbibliothek - Staats- und Universitäts-Bibliothek, Musikabteilung
Brno, Moravské Zemské Muzeum, Oddělení Dějin Hudby
Studien zur Musikwissenschaft
Salzburg, Erzabtei St Peter, Musikarchiv
Seitenstetten, Benediktinerstift, Musikarchiv
Herzogenburg, Augustiner-Chorherrenstift, Musikarchiv
Österreichische Musikzeitschrift
Prague, Národní Muzeum
Salzburg, Carolino Augusteum: Salzburger Museum für Kunst und Kulturgeschichte, Bibliothek
Salzburg, Dom, Konsistorialarchiv, Dommusikarchiv
Vienna, Minoritenkonvent
Munich, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek
Kroměříž, Arcibiskupský zámek, hudební sbírka
Göttweig, Benediktinerstift, Musikarchiv
Rein, Zisterzienserstift
Ljubljana, Frančiškanski Samostan, Knjižnica