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date: 21 October 2020

Canal, Margueritelocked

  • Caroline Potter


(b Toulouse, Jan 29, 1890; d Cépet, nr Toulouse, Jan 27, 1978). French composer. She entered the Paris Conservatoire in 1903, where she won first prizes in harmony (1911), piano accompaniment (1912) and fugue (1915) and studied composition with Paul Vidal, winning the Prix de Rome in 1920 with her cantata Don Juan. In 1919, she was appointed to teach solfège for singers at the Conservatoire, though she left for Rome the following year and did not resume her post until 1932. Canal was the first woman to conduct orchestral concerts in France (Palais de Glace, 1917–18).

She composed prolifically in the 1920s, when many pieces, including a volume of 100 songs, were published by her husband Maxime Jamin. Her vocal works reveal solid craftsmanship and faultless prosody, though their musical language is derivative of earlier French composers, particularly Debussy and Fauré; her Baudelaire and Verlaine settings do not bear comparison with those of her musical forebears. In ...

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The New Grove Dictionary of Women Composers