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date: 20 October 2020

Falcone, Achille locked

  • Paolo Emilio Carapezza
  •  and Giuseppe Collisani


(b Cosenza, c1570–75; d Cosenza, Nov 9, 1600). Italian composer. His musical education was supervised by his father Antonio, who was also a composer. Achille became a member of the Accademia of Cosenza and from at least 1597, he was maestro di cappella at Caltagirone in Sicily. The most important source of biographical information concerning him is his book of five-voice madrigals posthumously published by his father. The book also includes a report on the musical dispute which took place in 1600 between Falcone and the Spanish composer Sebastián Raval, then director of the royal chapel at Palermo. Falcone’s growing fame aroused the envy of Raval, who, meeting him in the spring of 1600 at Palermo, provoked him to wager a gold ring on his success in a competition of compositional skill. Falcone gave nine problems to Tommaso Giglio who sent them via Antonio Il Verso to Raval. He proposed that they should improvise fugues in canon, and ricercares in chromatic and diatonic styles and in a mixture of both, with fixed rules for the observance of the subjects and for various mensural signs and proportions. Falcone also requested that they should first hold a theoretical debate on all the compositions. But in fact, the competition was limited to the improvisation of a five-part canon, the subject for each competitor being set by the other. The Dominican Father Nicolò Toscano gave judgment on ...

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