Schumann [née Wieck], Clara (Josephine)
- Nancy B. Reich
(b Leipzig, Sept 13, 1819; d Frankfurt, May 20, 1896). German pianist, composer and teacher. One of the foremost European pianists of the 19th century and the wife and champion of the music of Robert Schumann, she was also a respected composer and influential teacher.
Clara was the daughter of Marianne and Friedrich Wieck. Her father (1785–1873) studied theology at the University of Wittenberg and settled in Leipzig in about 1814. There he taught piano and established a business selling and lending music and pianos and repairing pianos. He rapidly acquired a reputation as an expert piano teacher. Clara’s mother, Marianne Wieck (née Tromlitz) (1797–1872), was the daughter and granddaughter of musicians: her father, Georg Christian Tromlitz (1765–1825), was the town cantor in Plauen and her grandfather, Johann George Tromlitz, was a well-known flautist, flute maker and composer. She studied piano with Friedrich Wieck and married him in ...