Tallinn (Ger. Reval)
- Urve Lippus
Capital city of Estonia. It was the northern centre of medieval Livonia, ruled by the Livonian knights, but had considerable autonomy as a free Hanseatic city from the 1280s onwards. Despite changing political authority, it remained a Baltic German city up to the end of the 19th century, its commercial and thereby cultural links being with other such cities (Riga, Lübeck).
The first documents concerning music go back to the 14th century. By 1365 the Dominican monastery (founded in 1246) was campaigning for a school separate from that of the cathedral; by 1475 the Dominican school had three teachers and probably included musical studies. New members of the order came from among local people, and the names of several priests testify to Estonian origin. There were also Estonians among students at the town school, which had been founded in 1428 by the church of St Olaus. Here music was important in the curriculum: by ...