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date: 09 May 2021

Tormis, Veljolocked

  • Mimi S. Daitz


(b Kuusalu, nr Tallinn, Estonia, 7 Aug 1930; d Tallinn, 21 Jan 2017). Estonian composer. He is considered by Estonians to be one of their most important composers of the 20th century. His oeuvre is best considered in the context of the strong Estonian choral tradition and the political history of Estonia, both ancient and contemporary, but its appeal has reached far beyond the Baltics. His formal musical education began in 1943 at the Tallinn Music School, but was interrupted by World War II and illness. In 1949 he entered the organ class of Edgar Arro at the Tallinn Conservatory; when Soviet authorities terminated the class, he began to study composition with Villem Kapp. In 1950 he won his first composition prize, for Ringmängulaul, on a text by Lea Rummo, who was to become his wife and later a pre-eminent historian and critic of Estonian theatre and dance. His studies continued at the Moscow Conservatory (...

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Musical Quarterly