- Nigel Simeone
German firm of publishers. It was founded in Mannheim around 1822 by Karl Ferdinand Heckel (b Vienna, 12 Jan 1800; d Mannheim, 9 April 1870), son of the court composer Johann Jakob Heckel (c1763–1811). After study with J.N. Hummel in Weimar, Karl Ferdinand set up an instrument shop in Mannheim in 1821. An art and music shop soon followed, and in 1828 Heckel bought the firm of G. Kreitner in Worms. Between 1827 and 1830 Heckel published a series of Mozart’s operas in piano-vocal scores, Wohlfeile Ausgabe von W.A. Mozart’s sämmtlichen Opern, which included as its sixth volume the first complete edition of La finta giardiniera; several volumes in the series have attractive lithographed title-page vignettes and the music is lithographed throughout. Beginning in the 1840s Heckel published an unusual edition of the complete string quartets of Beethoven, Haydn and Mozart, in very small miniature scores; similar editions of Mozart’s string quintets and other chamber music followed....