Show Summary Details

Page of

Printed from Oxford Music Online. Grove is a registered trademark. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a single article for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 10 April 2021

Liszt, Franz [Ferenc]locked

  • Maria Eckhardt,
  • Rena Charnin Mueller
  •  and Alan Walker



(b Raiding, (Doborján), Oct 22, 1811; d Bayreuth, July 31, 1886). Hungarian composer, pianist and teacher. He was one of the leaders of the Romantic movement in music. In his compositions he developed new methods, both imaginative and technical, which left their mark upon his forward-looking contemporaries and anticipated some 20th-century ideas and procedures; he also evolved the method of ‘transformation of themes’ as part of his revolution in form, made radical experiments in harmony and invented the symphonic poem for orchestra. As the greatest piano virtuoso of his time, he used his sensational technique and captivating concert personality not only for personal effect but to spread, through his transcriptions, knowledge of other composers’ music. As a conductor and teacher, especially at Weimar, he made himself the most influential figure of the New German School dedicated to progress in music. His unremitting championship of Wagner and Berlioz helped these composers achieve a wider European fame. Equally important was his unrivalled commitment to preserving and promoting the best of the past, including Bach, Handel, Schubert, Weber and above all Beethoven; his performances of such works as Beethoven's Ninth Symphony and Hammerklavier Sonata created new audiences for music hitherto regarded as incomprehensible. The seeming contradictions in his personal life – a strong religious impulse mingled with a love of worldly sensation – were resolved by him with difficulty. Yet the vast amount of new biographical information makes the unthinking view of him as ‘half gypsy, half priest’ impossible to sustain. He contained in his character more of the ideals and aspirations of the 19th century than any other major musician....

You do not currently have access to this article


Please login to access the full content.


Please subscribe to access the full content.

San Marino (CA), Huntington Library
International Musicological Society: Congress Report [1930-]
Jahrbuch der Musikbibliothek Peters
Revue belge de musicologie
Budapest, Liszt Ferenc Zeneművészeti F˝iskola, Könyvtár
Studia musicologica Academiae scientiarum hungaricae
Washington, DC, Library of Congress, Music Division
St Petersburg, Rossiyskaya Natsional′naya Biblioteka
Paris, Gustav Mahler, Bibliothèque Musicale
Music & Letters
Weimar, Stiftung Weimarer Klassik, Goethe-Schiller-Archiv
Zeitschrift der Internationalen Musik-Gesellschaft
Musical Quarterly
Zenetudományi tanulmányok
Studies in Music [Australia]
Musical Times
Journal of Musicology
Neue Zeitschrift für Musik
Acta musicologica
19th Century Music
Cambridge (MA), Harvard University, Houghton Library
Music Review
see SMH
Budapest, Országos Széchényi Könyvtár
Moscow, Rossiyskiy Gosudarstvennïy Arkhiv Literaturï i Iskusstva (RGALI)
Fontes artis musicae
Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale de France
Allgemeine (deutsche) Musik-Zeitung/Musikzeitung (1874-1943)
Vienna, Österreichische Nationalbibliothek, Musiksammlung
no. in Köchel, 1862; for items not in 1862 edn, no. from 2/1905 or 3/1937 given
Revue musicale
Die Musikforschung
New York, Public Library, Center for the Humanities
Revue de musicologie