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date: 10 April 2021

Brahms, Johannes locked

  • George S. Bozarth
  •  and Walter Frisch


(b Hamburg, May 7, 1833; d Vienna, April 3, 1897). German composer. The successor to Beethoven and Schubert in the larger forms of chamber and orchestral music, to Schubert and Schumann in the miniature forms of piano pieces and songs, and to the Renaissance and Baroque polyphonists in choral music, Brahms creatively synthesized the practices of three centuries with folk and dance idioms and with the language of mid- and late 19th-century art music. His works of controlled passion, deemed reactionary and epigonal by some, progressive by others, became well accepted in his lifetime.

George S. Bozarth

Brahms was the second child and first son of Johanna Henrika Christiane Nissen (1789–1865) and Johann Jakob Brahms (1806–72). His mother, an intelligent and thrifty woman simply educated, was a skilled seamstress descended from a respectable bourgeois family. His father came from yeoman and artisan stock that originated in lower Saxony and resided in Holstein from the mid-18th century. A resourceful musician of modest talent, Johann Jakob learnt to play several instruments, including the flute, horn, violin and double bass, and in 1826 moved to the free Hanseatic port of Hamburg, where he earned his living playing in dance halls and taverns. In 1830, as a condition for gaining citizenship (...

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Hamburger Jahrbuch für Musikwissenschaft
Jahrbuch der Musikbibliothek Peters
Journal of Musicological Research
Monthly Musical Record
Studia musicologica Academiae scientiarum hungaricae
Journal of the American Musicological Society
Music & Letters
Early Music
Journal of Music Theory
Musical Quarterly
Archiv für Musikwissenschaft
Musical Times
Journal of Musicology
Neue Zeitschrift für Musik
19th Century Music
Music Review
Music Analysis
Fontes artis musicae
Studien zur Musikwissenschaft
Schweizerische Musikzeitung/Revue musicale suisse
Die Musikforschung
Current Musicology
Zeitschrift für Musik
Zeitschrift für Musikwissenschaft